In this world, it is important to know and learn the meaning and importance of recombinant DNA technology definition. There are various recombinant DNA technology definitions that individuals can learn and make it as their stepping stone for gaining knowledge about recombinant DNA technology. The recombinant DNA technology definition will help not only students, but also other individuals who want to know the recombinant DNA technology definition. There are benefits and advantages upon knowing the recombinant DNA technology definition.
What is Recombinant DNA Technology Definition?
The recombinant DNA technology definition is the exact definition of recombinant DNA technology that can be a vital help for those who individuals who want to know what recombinant DNA technology is. The recombinant DNA technology definition is a technology that approves DNA to be generated via artificial ways. The methods have been used for changing DNA in living things and have many practical uses. The recombinant DNA technology definition works by taking a piece of DNA from a different DNA particle and merging it into a single DNA strand. However, that kind of method will not do many works. The recombinant DNA technology definition in creating a new DNA becomes useful in a procedure known as DNA cloning.
Two Types of Recombinant DNA Technology Definition in Cloning
There are two major types of cloning that use recombinant DNA technology and these are:
1. Therapeutic Cloning
In recombinant DNA technology definition, therapeutic cloning is performed for medical treatment. Therapeutic cloning can be used for regenerating new cells from a damaged one. This kind of process is likely linked to reproductive cloning. In recombinant DNA technology definition, therapeutic cloning is also known as somatic cell nuclear transfer. The process is done through the extraction of a certain nucleus of a cell and putting it into the removed nucleus egg. The egg is allowed to grow and divide. In therapeutic cloning, the growing eggs are used as stem cells, which can grow into various types of cells.
2. Reproductive Cloning
In recombinant DNA technology definition, reproductive cloning is performed for medical purposes such as creating a duplicated copy of a certain organism. This kind of procedure is achieved using somatic cell nuclear transfer. In past research, there is a successful cloning of a sheep named Dolly. However, there are still speculations and ethical issues regarding cloning.
Uses of Recombinant DNA Technology on Recombinant DNA Technology Definition
There are numerous benefits and advantages that recombinant DNA technology offers, according to recombinant DNA technology definition. Recombinant DNA technology helps make crops resistant to drought and heat and it might be used to create plants with DNA that repel unsafe insects. People can create a plant with insecticides to help them reduce the risk of harmful chemicals such as insecticides or pesticides. Recombinant DNA technology has become a headline for creating and generating new animal species using the cloning technology. However, cloning on humans is not yet approved by many countries due to the fact that clones have only a little chance of survival.